Visitor Centre - Three Springs

 

 

THREE SPRINGS

 

GPS 29 32 10 S 115 45 55 E

 

 

 

 

FIND ACCOMMODATION

 

Mingenew

Morawa

Eneabba

Nearby Towns

Perenjori

Carnamah

 

 

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STATISTICS

Distance from Perth

316Km

Population

391

Average Rainfall

380.6mm

Mean Max Temp

26.9C

Mean Min Temp

12.6C

 

SERVICES

Police

08 9954 4111

Fire and Rescue

Unknown

Medical

08 9971 0200

Visitor Centre

08 9954 1013

 

CARAVAN PARKS

Three Springs

08 9954 1001

 

HOTEL / MOTEL / B AND B

Hotel / Motel

08 9954 1041

Tourist Lodge

08 9954 1065

Motel

0427 541 116

 

CALENDAR OF EVENTS

 

 

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link to Mingor.net website

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Although farming is the main activity in the shire, the town is also supported by the largest talc mine in the southern hemisphere (second largest in the world) with an annual output of around 240,000 tons. The talc was discovered in the 1840s by a farmer sinking bores. Originally it was collected by underground mining but this method was both inefficient and dangerous. Today mining is done by the open cut method.

Talc is used in paper, paint and ceramic industries and is also processed in W.A. for cosmetics, agriculture use and carving blocks.

The town has a short stay (3 night limit) caravan facility and you can contact the Visitor Centre for more information.

 

HISTORY

 

The first explorers to pass through the area were the Gregory Brothers in 1846. (Another source quotes Goerge Grey as being the first to pass through the area in 1839 but he travelled close to the coast and did not come close to where the town site developed.)

The Cooke family took up land in the area in 1850 but the townsite was not gazetted until 1867.

Walter Padbury took up a lease in 1852 but it lapsed a year later suggesting that it had not been used. He took up land again in 1858 and used the new lease to graze cattle.

There seems to be some doubt about who named the area with some sources crediting explorer John Forrest with naming the town in 1872 and putting the note "The Three Springs" on Victoria Location 482 in his field book. Other sources say that although Forrest surveyed the area it was C.C. Hunt who first recorded the name Three Springs when he camped there in 1867. The Aboriginal name for the area was Carridena.

'With the opening of the Midland Railway in 1885 Three Springs Station was also constructed. In 1908* a townsite called Kadathinni was declared next to the railway but because the station name remained unchanged the local people still referred to it as Three Springs. Finally in 1946 this was officially recognised and the townsite was re-named Three Springs to match the railway station.'

(* Another source says the station was built in 1906 and yet another says 1913-14 - this is a good example of not accepting the first thing you read as being factual. It is likely that a siding was completed in 1906, some out buildings were added in 1908, the siding was upgraded to a station in 1910 and finally a proper station was built in 1913.).

By 1897 the Midland to Walkaway railway linked up 5 miles south of the townsite but trains did not stop there. Goods were simply pushed off the train and if poorly packed would scatter along the rail line.

Some of the shire was used for farming by those living in districts north and south but it was in 1906 when the first land in the Three Springs district was made available for selection. Walter Browning, John A. Richardson, Charles F. Thomas, Reuben Carter, Ernest T. C. Klopper, Henry K. Maley, and Solomon S. Maley were the first to take up land and Reuben Carter was the first to settle on the land. (Railway workers had already been settled in the townsite by this time.)

Copper was discovered in 1907 and some was mined but the source quickly ran out and mining quickly ceased. It is estimated that the mine produced 106 tons of copper during its working life.

In 1908 the first progress association was formed.

Electric lights were established in the town as early as 1929 but it wasn’t until 1936 that the lights were turned on every night until 11pm (midnight on Saturdays).

Initial efforts to establish a Road Board were met with hostility and resistance from Carnamah and Mingenew but in 1928 permission was finally given and board members elected the following year. In 1936 the Road Board was dissolved after a dispute over payment of bore drilling fees led several board members to resign. It was several months before an new board was elected.

Read more about the history of Three Springs.

 

TALL TALES AND TRUE

 

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MAP

 

 

VIDEO

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OTHER INFORMATION

 

ATTRACTIONS

 

Hotel, Road Board office.

 

BUILDINGS OF NOTE

 

Yarra Yarra Lake, Blue Waters, Pink Lake, Talc mine, Wildflower drive, Heritage trail, Cockatoo Canyon, Mica Mine Thicket.

 

ELECTORAL ZONES

 

State : Moore

Federal : Durack

 

OTHER INFO.

 

Postcode : 6519

Local Government : Shire of Three Springs

 

PHOTOS

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