Hema Map Reference 81/E9
The Kimberley region of W.A. is situated in the state's far
north east. With a population of only 25,000 and an area of 423,000 square
kilometres it is one of the most sparsely populated places on earth. About half
of the land is covered by pastoral stations that are made up of over 90 leases.
Over half a million head of cattle are run in the area and unfortunately, being
hard hoofed animals, they do a lot of damage to the fragile land.
The Kimberley appears to be ageless and rugged but it is in fact a fragile place that can easily be impacted by large numbers of visitors. The beauty that attracts people there in the first place could end up being the downfall of the region if visitors do not treat the land and its flora and fauna with great care.
Access to areas that were once very difficult to reach has been improved by the construction of roads by pastoralists and mineral exploration teams. This has allowed some very foolish people to gain entry to places like the caves of the Oscar Range. Here graffiti has been painted on walls and stalactites broken off. It beggars belief that some people will do such stupid things but there is obvious need for the area to be better protected and managed.
People visiting the area and camping in remote areas only have to do a few simple things to avoid damaging the area.
a. Don't drive over terrain where no tracks already exist. This compacts the soil leading to lack of vegetation and finally erosion.
b. Don't camp in areas where campsites are not already cleared.
c. Don't use wood for fires that can be used as animals as habitat. Take gas stoves with you for cooking.
d. Don't camp too close to water sources as this can deter animals who need to drink.
e. Carry out everything you take in.
f. Obey all fire bans.
g. Leave all gates as you found them.
h. Bury all human waste in pits at least 50cm deep. Better still carry a porta-potty and empty it only at designated sites.
i. Take away only memories and photographs. Leave behind only footprints.
First Settlement in the Kimberley.
F.P. Barlee headed the Roebuck Bay Pastoral Association which decided to send a party to the north west to begin establishing a sheep station. Martin and Panter initially explored the immediate area around Roebuck Bay and in 1864 the Nile was chartered and sent north with a cargo of sheep. James Harding was selected as the station Manager and Panter was to be Superintendent of Police.
A campsite was selected, wells dug and work begun on erecting simple dwellings. James Harding, Police Inspector Frederick Panter and Constable William Goldwyer (spelled Goldwire in one source) went exploring on November 9th 1864 taking 2 weeks provisions with them.
When the party did not return as expected, L.C. Burgess (Jr.) took another member of the party and went in search of the missing men. Burgess was unable to locate them and ran short of water and provisions before being forced to return to the campsite.
The barque Hastings arrived with another shipment of sheep and returned to Fremantle with the news that three men had gone missing. The schooner Clarence packet was chartered and a search party led by Maitland Brown was organised. The ship sailed from Fremantle on February 15th 1865 - 3 months after the men had gone missing.
Stopping at De Grey to pick up horses, Brown took time to go overland to the north east and learned from Aborigines in the area that three white men had been killed by Aborigines further north at a place called Boola Boola (near Lagrange Bay.).
Having secured a number of horses, Brown proceeded by ship to Roebuck Bay and led a party out in search of Panter, Harding and Goldwyer on March 28th. After seven days searching the remains of the three men were located and it was evident that they had been attacked and killed in camp while the slept.
Brown's party was itself attacked by Aborigines as they retreated towards Roebuck Bay but they managed to fight off their attackers without injury to themselves. They arrived back at the main campsite on May 10th.
A punitive expedition was then organised in early April and eventually cornered about 25 Aboriginal warriors. After a brief fight the Aborigines fled into the mangroves leaving behind 18-20 of their own number who had been killed.
Further north the ill fated settlement at Camden Harbour was to be abandoned in 1865 after just 11 months.
Tall tales and true: Atlantis, lost and found.
On May 14 1932 Pilot Hans Bertram and the mechanic Adolf Klausmann took off from Timor in their Junkers JU W-33 (called Atlantis) bound for Darwin in Australia's Northern Territory.
During the night they were forced off course by bad weather and the following morning they spotted the Australian coastline but did not know where they were. Running short of fuel they landed on the Kimberley coast near Cape St Lambert 200 miles south west of Darwin. They took off again heading north west (the wrong direction) and were forced down as the fuel began to run out.
The pair walked back along the coast looking for fresh water but all they found were hungry saltwater crocodiles that tried on more than one occasion to make a meal of them. They walked back to the plane on a more inland route and set about making a boat from one of the floats.
A storm brought some much needed fresh water and they set off to the north west. At one point they caught sight of the coastal steamer S.S. Koolinda but the ship did not see them and sailed away.
After running out of fresh water they were forced back to the shore near Cape Bernier. Luckily they found a source of water nearby and then set off inland but found the going too tough to continue. By the time they got back to the 'boat' storms had dashed it against rocks and holed it. They cut off part of the float and moved further along the coast to what is now called Bertram Cove.
During this time Aborigines had found some items left by the aviators at the first landing site and an aerial search was mounted. The Atlantis was found on June 15th and not long afterward Bertram and Klausmann were found in a cave near Cape Bernier.
The men had been without food for much of the 40 days they had been stranded and the ordeal proved to be too much for Klausmann who never fully recovered from the mental stresses he encountered.
In 1978 of the the floats from the Atlantis was found mostly buried in sand and in 1979 the remains of the float were recovered and after conservation work was completed it was put on display at the Maritime Museum. A replica of the plane is housed at the Aviation Museum and a replica of the float is at the Broome Historical Museum.
Bertram and Klausmann
Our thanks to Dennis Ford for permission to display some of his wonderful photographs of the Kimberley.
Thanks to Dennis Ford for the use of photos of Atlantis and Bertram and Klausmann.